Rebel governance and development in El Salvador


Published 02.05.23

How does rebel governance affect long-term development?


Read "Rebel Governance and Development: The Persistent Effects of Distrust in El Salvador" by Antonella Bandiera, Lelys Dinarte-Diaz, Juan Miguel Jimenez, Sandra V. Rozo and Maria Micaela Sviatschi here.

Rebel forces have controlled territory and imposed their own institutions in many countries over the past decades, affecting millions of people. In this episode of VoxDevTalks, Maria Micaela Sviatschi joins us to discuss new research with Antonella Bandiera, Lelys Dinarte-Diaz, Juan Miguel Jimenez and Sandra V. Rozo on the economic, social and political consequences of temporary territorial control by guerrillas during the Salvadoran Civil War. During the war guerrillas displaced state authorities and created their own informal institutions that encouraged autonomy and self-sufficiency from the state and external actors. Results from this study show how a reliance on non-state governance reinforced norms of distrust of external actors, producing overdependence on subsistence farming and disengagement from postwar governments.